Laborem exercens. Enciclica. [GIOVANNI PAOLO II -] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Bologna, EDB, , fascicolo in – 16mo, punto. Available in the National Library of Australia collection. Format: Book; 32 p. ; 21 cm. LETTERA ENCICLICA “LABOREM EXERCENS” DEL SOMMO PONTEFICE GIOVANNI PAOLO II AI VENERATI FRATELLI NELL’EPISCOPATO AI SACERDOTI.
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It was precisely one such wide-ranging anomaly that gave rise in the last century to what has been called “the worker question”, sometimes described as “the proletariat question”. In addition there were other elements of exploitation, connected with the lack of safety at work and of safeguards regarding the health and living conditions of the workers and their families.
At the present stage of technological advance, when man, who is the subjectof work, wishes to make use of this collection of modern instruments, the means of production, he must first assimilate cognitively the result of the work of the people who invented those instruments, who planned them, built them and perfected them, enciclia who continue to do so.
On the world level, the exeercens of civilization and of communications has enciclicca possible a more complete diagnosis of the living and working conditions of man globally, but it has also revealed other forms of injustice, much more extensive than those which in the last century stimulated unity between workers for particular solidarity in the working world.
The break occurred in such a way that labour was separated from capital and set in opposition to it, and capital was set in opposition to labour, as though they were two impersonal forces, two production exsrcens juxtaposed in the same “economistic” perspective. The third sphere of values that emerges from this point of view-that of the subject of work-concerns the great society to which man belongs on the basis of particular cultural and historical links.
In industry and agriculture man’s work has today in many cases ceased to be mainly manual, for the toil of human hands and muscles is aided by more and more highly perfected machinery. This is an advantageous and positive phenomenon, on condition that the objective dimension of work does not gain the upper hand over the subjective dimension, depriving man of lxborem dignity and inalienable rights or reducing them.
It is likewise familiar to those at an intellectual workbench; to scientists; to those who bear the burden of grave responsibility for decisions that will have a vast impact on society.
This state of affairs was favoured by the liberal socio-political system, which, in accordance with enciclifa “economistic” premises, strengthened and safeguarded economic initiative by the possessors of capital alone, but did not pay sufficient attention to the rights of the workers, on the grounds that human work is solely an instrument of production, and that capital is the basis, efficient factor and purpose of production.
Further consideration of this question should confirm our conviction of the priority of human labour over what in the course of time we have grown accustomed to calling capital.
Laborem Exercens (14 September ) | John Paul II
There thus emerges the meaning of work in an objective sense, which finds expression in enccilica various epochs of culture and civilization. And yet, in spite of all this toil-perhaps, in a sense, because of it-work is a good thing for man. All the means of production, from the fxercens primitive to the ultramodern ones-it is man that has gradually developed them: The attainment of the worker’s rights cannot however be doomed to be merely a result of economic systems which on a larger or smaller scale are guided chiefly by the criterion of maximum profit.
Nevertheless, even if emigration is in some aspects an evil, in certain circumstances it is, as the phrase goes, a necessary evil. The activity of union organizations opens up many possibilities in this respect, including their efforts to instruct and educate the workers and to foster their exercdns.
It has key importance both in the system built on the principle of private ownership of the means of production and also in the system in which private ownership of these enciclixa has been limited even in a radical way. Within the individual States there are ministries or public departments and also various social institutions set up for this purpose.
How do I find a book? As a person, man is therefore the subject of work.
Catalog Record: Sobre el trabajo humano (Laborem exercens) | Hathi Trust Digital Library
Many practical problems arise at this point, as well as legal and economic ones; but the community, that is to say, the public authorities, associations and intermediate groups, business enterprises and the disabled encicoica should pool their ideas and resources so as to attain this goal that must not be shirked: In this area much depends on just legislation, in particular with regard to the rights of workers.
Of course, education in itself is always valuable and an important enrichment of the human person; but in spite of that, “proletarianization” processes remain possible. However, unions differ from the guilds on this essential point: In carrying out this mandate, man, every human being, reflects the very action of the Creator of the universe. He urges unions to view their struggle as a positive struggle for social justice, rather than a struggle against an opponent.
It was this practical error that struck a blow first and foremost against human labour, against the working man, and caused the ethically just social reaction already spoken of above. John Paul encouraged the Church to develop and teach a spirituality of work. Everybody knows that capitalism has a definite historical meaning as a system, an economic and social system, opposed to “socialism” or “communism”.
Unions do not have the character of political parties struggling for power; they should not be subjected to the decision of political parties or have too close links with them. Praise is due to the work of the schools, what are known as workers’ or people’s universities and the training programmes and courses which have developed and are still developing this field of activity.
Even if in controversial questions the struggle takes on a character of opposition towards others, this is because it aims at the good of social justice, not for the sake of “struggle” or in order to eliminate the opponent.
Man must work, both because the Creator has commanded it and enficlica of enciiclica own humanity, which requires work in order to be maintained and developed. The world of agriculture, which provides society with the goods it needs for its daily sustenance, is of fundamental importance. To create labor policies that ensure justice for every worker, it is necessary not only to work with the direct laborek, but also to identify and coordinate the indirect employers.
They will be discussed later. Nevertheless, the danger of treating work as a special kind of “merchandise”, or as an impersonal “force” needed for production the expression “workforce” is in fact in common use always exists, especially when the whole way of looking at the question of economics is marked by the premises of materialistic economism.
It is the departure of a person who is also a member of a great community united by history, tradition and culture; and that person must begin life in the midst of another society united by a different culture and very often by a different language. Careful attention must be devoted to the physical and psychological working conditions of disabled people-as for all workers-to their just remuneration, to the possibility of their promotion, and to the elimination of various obstacles.
Man has to subdue the earth and dominate it, because as the “image of God” he is a person, that is to say, a subjective being capable of acting in a planned and rational way, capable of deciding about himself, and with a tendency to self-realization.
Nevertheless it is obvious that materialism, including its dialectical form, is incapable of providing sufficient and definitive bases for thinking about human work, in order that the primacy of man over the capital instrument, the primacy of the person over things, may find in it adequate and irrefutable confirmation and support. Emblem of the Holy See. The Church is firmly committed to this cause, for she considers it her mission, her service, a proof of her fidelity to Christ, so that she can exercene be the “Church of the poor”.