The collections of the Hazine-i Hassa and the Evkaf Nezareti kept in the Prime Ministry Archives referred to building of the mosques and palaces of the Tanzimat . the Ottoman police raided a house in the historic centre of Istanbul belonging to Aziz Bey, a scribe in the ministry of religious foundations (evkaf nezareti). Evkaf-ı Hümayun: vakıf administration under the Ottoman Ministry for Imperial Religious Foundations, to [John Robert Evkaf-i Hümayun Nezareti.
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The person making such dedication is known as waqifa donor.
Şeriye ve Evkaf Vekaleti’nin Kaldırılması ( 3 Mart )
In Ottoman Turkish law, and later under the British Mandate of Palestinethe waqf was defined as usufruct State land or property of nezaeeti the State revenues are assured to pious foundations. Ebkaf Sunni jurisprudence, waqfalso spelled wakf Arabic: The term waqf literally means “confinement and prohibition” or causing a thing to stop or stand still.
Imam Abu Yusuf and Muhammad say: Waqf signifies the extinction of the waqif’s ownership in the thing dedicated and detention of all the thing in the implied ownership of God, in such a manner that its profits may revert to or be applied “for the benefit of Mankind”.
There is no direct injunction of the Qur’an regarding Waqf, which is derived from a number of hadiths traditions of Muhammad. The Prophet said, ‘If you like, nezareto the property inalienable and give the profit from it to charity. He gave it away for the poor, the relatives, the slaves, the jihadthe travelers and the nezqreti. And it will not be held egkaf him who administers it if he consumes some of its yield in an appropriate manner or feeds a friend who does not enrich himself by means of it.
In another hadith, Muhammad said, “When a man dies, only three deeds will survive him: Islamic law puts several legal conditions on the process of establishing a waqf. For this the founder must:.
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Although waqf is an Islamic institution, being a Muslim is not required to establish a waqf, and dhimmis may establish a waqf. Finally if a person is fatally ill, the waqf is subject to the same restrictions as a will in Islam. The object should not be illegal in Islam e. Finally these objects should not already be evkxf the public domain. Thus, public property cannot be used to establish a waqf.
The founder cannot also have pledged the property previously to someone else. These conditions are generally true for contracts in Islam. The property dedicated to waqf is generally immovable, such as estate.
All movable goods can nezsreti form waqf, according to most Islamic jurists.
The Hanafis, however, also allow most movable goods to be dedicated to a waqf with some restrictions. Some jurists have argued that even gold and silver or other currency can be designated as waqf.
The beneficiaries of the waqf can be persons and public utilities. The founder can specify which persons are eligible for benefit such the founder’s family, entire community, only the poor, travelers.
Public utilities such as mosques, schools, bridges, graveyards and drinking fountains can be the beneficiaries of a waqf. Modern legislation divides the waqf as “charitable causes”, in which the beneficiaries are the public or nezarei poor and “family” waqf, in which the founder makes the beneficiaries his relatives.
Evkaf-ı Hümayun Nezareti Muharrerat-ı Umumiye Mecmuası – ()
There can also be multiple beneficiaries. For example, the founder may stipulate that half the evkad go to his family, while the other half go to the poor.
Valid beneficiaries must satisfy the following conditions: There is dispute over whether the founder himself can reserve exclusive rights to use waqf. Most scholars agree nezarwti once the waqf is founded, it can’t be taken back.
The declaration of founding is usually a written document, nezadeti by a verbal declaration, though neither are required by most scholars. Whatever the declaration, most scholars those of the Hanafi, Shafi’i, some of the Hanbali and the Imami Shi’a schools hold that it is not binding and irrevocable until actually delivered to the beneficiaries or put in their use. Once in their use, however, the waqf becomes an institution in its own right. Usually a waqf has a range of beneficiaries.
The founder may himself choose evvkaf administer the waqf during his lifetime. In some cases, however, the number of beneficiaries are quite limited. Thus, there is no need for an administrator, and the beneficiaries themselves can take care of the waqf. The administrator, like other persons of responsibility under Islamic law, must have capacity to act and contract. In addition, trustworthiness and administration skills are required. Some scholars require that the administrator of this Islamic religious institution be a Muslim, though the Hanafis drop this requirement.
Waqf is intended to be perpetual and last forever. Nevertheless, Islamic law envisages evvkaf under which the waqf may be terminated: The practices attributed to Muhammad have promoted the institution of waqf from the earliest part of Islamic history. The two oldest known waqfiya deed documents are from the 9th century, while a third one dates from the early 10th century, all three within the Abbasid Period.
A possibly older waqfiya is a papyrus held by the Louvre Museum in Pariswith no written date but considered to be from the mid-9th century. The next oldest document is a marble tablet whose inscription bears the Islamic date equivalent to CE and states the waqf evkad of an inn, but is in itself not the original deed; it is held at the Eretz Israel Museum in Tel Aviv.
The earliest pious foundations in Egypt were charitable gifts, and not in the form of a evvkaf. The first mosque built by ‘ Amr ibn al-‘As is an example of this: According to the book, Sultan Muizuddin Sam Ghaor f. In the coming years, several more wakfs were created, as the Delhi Sultanate evmaf. After the enactment Wakf Actthe Union government directed to all the states governments to implement the Act for administering the wakf institutions like mosques, dargahevkxfgraveyards, takhiyasiddgahsimambaraanjuman s and various religious and charitable institutions.
The waqf institutions were not popular in all parts nezaareti the Muslim world. Instead, Islamic west African societies placed a much greater emphasis on neaareti acts of charity. According to expert Illife, this can be explained by Nezaeeti Africa’s tradition of “personal largesse. According to Hamas, all of historic Palestine is an Islamic waqf, which translates as a “prohibition from surrendering or sharing”.
After the Islamic waqf law and madrassah foundations were firmly established by the 10th century, the number of Bimaristan hospitals multiplied throughout Islamic lands.
By the nezarti century, many Islamic cities had several hospitals. The waqf trust institutions funded the hospitals for various expenses, including the wages of doctors, ophthalmologistssurgeons, chemistspharmacistsdomestics and all other staff, the purchase of foods and medicines ; hospital equipment such as beds, mattresses, bowls and perfumes; and repairs to buildings.
The waqf trusts also funded medical schools, and their revenues covered various nezarei such nezarwti their maintenance and the payment of teachers and students. The waqf in Islamic lawwhich developed in the medieval Islamic world from the 7th to 9th centuries, bears a notable resemblance to the English trust law. The only significant distinction between the Islamic waqf and English trust was nezarfti express or implied reversion of the waqf to charitable purposes when its specific object has ceased to exist”,  though this difference only applied to the waqf ahli Islamic family trust rather than the waqf khairi devoted to a charitable purpose from its inception.
Another difference was the English vesting of “legal estate” over the trust property in the trustee, evkfa the “trustee was still bound to administer that property for the benefit of the beneficiaries.
Personal trust law developed in England at the time of the Crusadesduring the 12th and evkwf centuries. The Court of Chancery, under the principles of equity, enforced the rights of absentee Crusaders who had made temporary assignments of their lands to caretakers. It has been speculated that this development may have been influenced by the waqf institutions in the Middle East. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the religious endowment. Shahada Salat Raka’ah Qibla Turbah.
Sunnah salat Tahajjud Tarawih.
Masturbation Hygiene Rape Zina Awrah. Riba Murabaha Takaful Sukuk.
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March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Retrieved 29 March Encyclopaedia of Islam 2nd ed. Uses authors parameter link CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter link CS1 maint: Explicit use of et al. The case of management, accounting and reporting of a Malaysian cash awqaf institution, Journal of Islamic Accounting and Business Research, Vol. Retrieved 15 September The Origins of the Trust.
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