The life of Alfred Hettner. Alfred Hettner ()was a German geographer who is known for his contributions to the modern development of geography in. Alfred Hettner, who obtained his PhD from the University of Strasbourg, was also a pupil of Ferdinand von Richthofen and Friedrich Ratzel in Leipzig—where he. Genealogy for Alfred Hettner ( – ) family tree on Geni, with over million profiles of ancestors and living relatives.
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Alfred Hettner was a pupil Richthofen and Ratzel. He essentially a physical and regional geographer. He wrote research papers after making extensive travels. His book Europe was published in He supported the viewpoint of Strabo who declared geography as a chorological science or alfrred study of regions or area.
In the chorological concept of geography, the geographer is required to study many immaterial alfrrd, ethnicity, religion, language, customs, traditions, etc.
He should not give preference either to the material or immaterial phenomena.
Thus, in the study of areal differentiation, alfre are on the same plane. He elaborated the importance of distribution of phenomena and stressed the significance of regional geography.
He was of the opinion that geography is a field in which things have to be described in their areal context on the face of the earth, much as history was the field in which things are to be considered in their time context.
In his opinion, the distinctive subject of geography was the knowledge of the earth areas as they differ alrred each other.
Hettner rejected the view that geography could be either general or regional. Geography, like other fields of learning, must deal in both the unique things regional geography and with universals general geographybut hettne study of regions is the main field of geography.
This theory of uniqueness regional geography attracted the attention of German geographers for decades and is still the point of controversy in geography. After Hettner, regional studies were made with the outline of location, geology, surface features, climate, vegetation, natural resources, settlement distribution, economy, transport systems and political divisions.
Those who criticized were of the opinion that Hettner tried to give more hettner to alfrsd environment, ignoring the cultural factors.
For example, there is a direct relationship between the density of population, economy, social institutions, religious beliefs, cultural traits, and political policies.
Alfred Hettner | German geographer |
Moreover, many of the interrelations observed in regional studies wlfred in the process of change through time. Many of the nomadic herders start settling down and adopt scdentrized life under the impact of socio-cultural and political factors.
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